Sunday, 31 July 2011

PHP - POST & GET

PHP - POST & GET

Recall from the PHP Forms Lesson where we used an HTML form and sent it to a PHP web page for processing. In that lesson we opted to use the the post method for submitting, but we could have also chosen the get method. This lesson will review both transferring methods.

POST - Review

In our PHP Forms Lesson we
used the post method. This is what the pertinent line of HTML code looked like:





HTML Code Excerpt:

<form action="process.php" method="post">
<select name="item">
...
<input name="quantity" type="text" />

This HTML code specifies that the form data will be submitted to the "process.php" web
page using the POST method. The way that PHP does this is to store all the "posted"
values into an associative array called "$_POST". Be sure to take notice the names
of the form data names, as they represent the keys in the "$_POST" associative array.

Now that you know about associative arrays,
the PHP code from "process.php" should make a litte more sense.


PHP Code Excerpt:

$quantity = $_POST['quantity'];
$item = $_POST['item'];
The form names are used as the keys in the associative array, so be
sure that you never have two input items in your HTML form that have the same name. If you do, then
you might see some problems arise.

PHP - GET

As we mentioned before, the alternative to the post method is get. If
we were to change our HTML form to the get method, it would look like this:



HTML Code Excerpt:

<form action="process.php" method="get">
<select name="item">
...
<input name="quantity" type="text" />

The get method is different in that it passes the variables along
to the "process.php" web page by appending them onto the end of the URL. The URL, after clicking submit,
would have this added on to the end of it:

"?item=##&quantity=##"

The question mark "?" tells the browser that the following items are variables. Now that we changed
the method of sending information on "order.html", we must change the "process.php" code
to use the "$_GET" associative array.



PHP Code Excerpt:

$quantity = $_GET['quantity'];
$item = $_GET['item'];

After changing the array name the script will function properly. Using
the get method displays the variable information to your visitor, so be sure
you are not sending password information or other sensitive items with the get method.
You would not want your visitors seeing something they are not supposed to!

Security Precautions

Whenever you are taking user input and using you need to be sure that the input is safe. If you are going to insert the data into a MySQL database, then you should be sure you have thought about preventing MySQL Injection. If you are going to make a user's input available to the public, then you should think about PHP htmlentities.

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